Influenza (Flu)

Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus infecting the respiratory tract. It is transmitted through airborne droplets produced during coughing and sneezing and may be preventable by vaccine. It is very common. There are more than 3 million cases per year in the United States.

Flu can last several days or weeks. It rarely requires a lab test or imaging although treatment from a medical professional is advised. Treatment includes medications and self-care.


  • Fever
  • Malaise
  • Headache
  • Runny nose
  • Postnasal drip
  • Sneezing
  • Reduced sense of smell
  • Metallic taste in mouth
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Body pain or muscle pain
  • Sore throat


Most of the time, flu goes away without treatment. Taking medication can help relieve symptoms. Bed rest will help in faster recovery.


  • Antiviral  This medication is used to treat specific viral infections.
    Oseltamivir ·   Zanamivir
  • Antihistamines  : This medication helps to relieve symptoms such as nasal discharge and sneezing.
    Brompheniramine ·   Chlorphenir amine
  • Cough suppressants This medication may help to relieve cough, in the form of cough drops or cough syrup.

Self care

  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Take complete rest
  • Eat healthy foods
  • Practice good hygiene


Vaccinations : There is high probability of a twindemic (both Covid-19 and influenza occurring simultaneously in 2020 and 2021) with anticipated high morbidity (illness) and potential mortality. The AAP ( Amercian Academy of Pediatrics) and many other established medical organizations (i.e., the CDC) recommend testing if ill and under treatment for high risk issues (ongoing medical problems of diabetes/lung diseases/obesity/etc.). All US citizens over the age of 6 months should be vaccinated against influenza at their next physician/nurse practitioner office visit.

Gorman Medical tests and treats both Covid-19 and Influenza. We recommend influenza vaccination for all our patients over the age of 6 months this year. Covid-19 vaccination has yet to be approved; but when it is safe and approved, we will be offering and recommending Covid-19 vaccines to high risk patients.