Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) 

GERD occurs when stomach acid frequently flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus.

GERD is 1) mild acid reflux that occurs at least twice a week, or 2) moderate to severe acid reflux that occurs at least once a week.

Common signs and symptoms of GERD include: 

  • A burning sensation in your chest (heartburn), usually after eating, which might be worse at night
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Regurgitation of food or sour liquid
  • Sensation of a lump in your throat

If you have nighttime acid reflux, you might also experience:

  • Chronic cough
  • Laryngitis (a hoarse voice)
  • New or worsening asthma
  • Disrupted sleep

Most people can manage the discomfort of GERD with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications such as Mylanta/Rolaids/Tums or Tagamet B/Pepcid AC or Prevacid 24 HR/Prilosec OTC/Zegerid OTC. Some people may need prescription medications or surgery to ease symptoms.

If you experience severe or frequent GERD symptoms or take over-the-counter medications for heartburn more than twice a week, talk to your Gorman Medical provider.

For additional information on GERD, see